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Apothecary Hall

Apothecary Hall in Christiansted, St. Croix

Excerpt from "Christiansted Apothecary Hall," continued

by George B. Griffenhagen, Pharmacist,1996

Footnotes, continued

6. Dansk Vestindisk Rigierings Avis, July 23, 1827. Leeches (Hirudo medicinalis) were considered the least painful means of blood-letting, a highly-esteemed therapeutic measure for the treatment of inflammatory processes.

7. Kim Madsen's typewritten report entitled, "Extraction of Land Register of Christiansted, St. Croix," Denmark, 1985, confirms .that Peder Benzon purchased No.4 Company Street in 1827.

8. Dansk Vestindisk Rigierings Avis, January 8, 1828. This is five years earlier than the August 27, 1832, date ascribed for establishment of Apothecary Hall in an anonymous and undated typewritten document in the files of the St. Croix Landmarks Society. There was a cholera epidemic sweeping the Danish West Indies in August 1832, and a government proclamation published in the Dansk Vestindisk Rigierings Avis mentions that the "royal privileged pharmaceutical establishment for St. Croix" was responsible for providing necessary medicines to treat those inflicted with cholera. It may be that someone saw this notice concluded in error that this was the date of the establishment the Christiansted pharmacy.

9. Dansk Vestindisk Rigierings Avis, August 2, 1828. The Danish Apothek is Pharmaceutical description kongelige privilegerede Central translated into English as royal privileged Establishment.

10. The Christiansted Lutheran Church displays a memorial on the right side of the altar which reads: "This memorial was raised by the citizens of St. the former Danish Church of Christiansted [and] moved here in 1835. The [five man] building committee for the rehabilitation of this church [included] Peter Eggert Benzon."

11. Even though Benzon's diary indicates that Riise was operating a pharmacy in St. Thomas some years earlier, Charles Edwin Taylor Leaflets from the Danish West Indies, originally published in 1888 by William Dawson, London, states that Apothecary Hall in St. Thomas was established by A.H. Riise in 1838. The 1838 date records the year that Riise was granted his own privilegium exclusivum for St. Thomas by the Danish government.

12. The St. Thomas Daily News for November 28, 1988, reports that Albert Riise returned to Copenhagen in 1867, leaving the pharmacy in the. hands of Alfred Jorgenson who was later to become Riise's son-in-law. Riise's sons, Valdemar and Karl, returned to St. Thomas to take over the management of the pharmacy after their father died in 1882. In 1890, Karl sold his share in the pharmacy to Valdemar who continued to operate the pharmacy until 1913 when he sold it to Copenhagen pharmacist Ole Poulson. In 1828, Isidor Paiewonsky purchased the pharmacy and expanded the business to include liquor, tobacco, jewelry, and Oriental rugs. The pharmacy department was still being operated by Norbert Kriegel in 1970, but soon thereafter the pharmacy department closed. Today the business operates in Charlotte Amalie as A.H. Riise Gift Shops.

13. The Monthly Illustrator, volume 15, #5, January 1898, reports that Valdemar Riise was born in 1853 during a visit of his parents to their native Denmark. Valdemar obtained his pharmacy diploma in Denmark and supplemented his pharmacy experience in Dresden and Leipzig, Germany, as well as at Pharmacie Centrale in Paris, before settling in St. Thomas.

14. The Frederiksted Apothecary Hall claims to have been founded in 1839, even though it was established in 1828 as a branch of Peder Benzon's "royal privileged Pharmaceutical Establishment for St. Croix." The 1839 date records the year when Samuel Grove commenced operating the Frederiksted pharmacy.

15. Poul R. Kruse letter dated Hay 30, 1996. The 1846 census reports that Peder Benzon's wife was born in Copenhagen in 1802. The 1860 census reports that Theodor Benzon married Eliza Benzon who was'described as a "candidate pharmacist."

16. Poul R. Kruse letter dated June 14, 1996, reports that Alfred Paludan-Huller was born in Beder near Aarhus, Denmark, Harch 31, 1851, and died in Frederikberg, Denmark, January 1, 1924. The anonymous and undated typewritten manuscript entitled "History of Herrill's Apothecary" in the St. Croix Landmarks Society states that this sale took place in 1886. However, Madsen has confirmed that Paludan-Huller purchased the Christiansted pharmacy in 1878.

17. Various advertisements in the St. Croix Avis 1888-1891.

18. Lars Cramer-Petersen of Bronshoj, Denmark, letter dated Hay 20, 1996.

19. Poul R. Kruse letter dated June 14, 1996, reports that Hans Boje was born in Randers, Denmark, in 1872, and died on June 9, 1949. Niels Johannes Arnold Larsen was born in Valby, Denmark, August 3, 1867, and died November 26, 1934.

20. John A. Starr, typewritten manuscript dated 1970 preserved at the St. Croix Landmarks Society.

21. As early as 1871, the Frederiksted Apthecary Hall was taking on a look of the present pharmacy. A visitor to St. Croix observed in Harper's New Monthly Magazine (December 1871, page 200) that "there is but one apothecary's shop in the place [Frederiksted] where are sold the most incongruous articles, including besides the drugs, china, toys, tea, wine, stationery, confectionery, and other sundries alien to the proposed business."

22. Rosamond C. Hughes, "Christiansted Apothecary Hall," The Postkassen, newsletter of the St. Croix Landmarks Society, Spring 1993.

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